Participation in United Nations Peacekeeping Operations in the Framework of the Foreign Policy of the People’s Republic of China

Zeynep ARIÖZ

Abstract
The semi-colonial history and the long struggle for independence are the most important factors determining the foreign policy of China. After the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, it tried to be recognized as an equal and sovereign member of international relations and adopted an non-interventionist foreign policy. In this context, China initially viewed United Nations missions with skepticism. However this cautious view changed after the Cold War period and China’s participation in UN peacekeeping operations has dramatically expanded. The study aims to analyze the changing approach of China toward the United Nations peacekeeping operations in the context of foreign policy strategies. The article examined foreign policy in two parts; namely the Cold War period, and the post-Cold War period. The study links China’s increased participation in UN peacekeeping operations with its strategy of peaceful development and assume that China’s participation in UN missions the relates to image of a responsible and peace-loving state. The study also finds that the principle of sovereignty still wields power over China’s foreign policy and its peacekeeping concept. This study shows that China’s adherence to the holy trinity of UN peacekeeping, including the consent of the host nation, impartiality, and non-use of force is related to its non-interventionist foreign policy.
Keywords: UN Peacekeeping, PRC Foreign Policy, International Security.

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