General Format Features


11 point Cambria font is used for all text. Look at  the related section  about how to prepare the tables and figures.

Page Setup

You should leave 2.5 cm (0.98 inch) blank to the top,bottom,left and right margins of the A4 size paper. It should be full justified. There should not be a hyphen at the end of the lines

Studies should be prepared as a single column.

There shouldn’t be recesses and protrusions in the paragraphs and headings

Paragraph Structure

In paragraph tab, indents section;

0.6 pt  before and after

Line space should be 1.5.

Sectıons of the Study


Article’s title should be uppercase, bold and centered on the page. If the study  has already submitted or it is made from a project or thesis, etc, an explanation should be made by placing * footnote at the end of the title.

Author Names

Author names should be italicized. Author’s / authors’ full names, academic degrees, institutions in which they work  and e-mail information should be specified.


It should be between 5-8 words.


It should be between 150-180 words. A citation shouln’t be used in the abstract.

Abstract and Extended Abstract

Submitted manuscripts in Turkish must have before the introduction section, the abstract both in Turkish and English, between 150 and 180 words and an extended abstract in English between 750-1000 words, summarizing the scope, the purpose, the results of the study and the methodology used. Underneath the abstracts, 3 to 5 keywords that inform the reader about the content of the study should be specified in Turkish and in English. If the manuscript is written in English, it must include an abstract only in English.

Main Text

Quantitative and qualitative studies  should contain Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion sections. The sample / Working Group, Data Collection Tools and Process subdivisions should necessariyl be situated in method section. Subdivision of  model should exist only if the model is original.

Compilations should reveal the problem,  analyze relevant literature with a competent way,  should concentrate on the deficiencies, gaps and contradictions in the literature and should mention the steps to be taken for the solution.

The changes can be made according to type of the issue in the other studies. But you should be careful that it shouldn’t have many subsections or else so many details cause that the reader has difficulties about taking advantage of the text.


The writing rules that are specified in a book,Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) (6th edition) published by American Psychological Association, should be applied both in the text and bibliography.


The summary of the article shoulnd’t exceed 750 words and it should be placed after the bibliography. The summary should be written in English in Turkish articles, but if the article is written in English, this section should be written in Turkish.


Tables, Figures

Elements like tables, figures, pictures, graphics etc. should be included in the text. They shouldn’t be placed additionally at the end of the study.

10 point, Cambria font is used in the tables and figures except general template.

The resource section is under the chart, 9 point Cambria font is used.

In paragraph tab,recess section;

before and after space 0 pt,

line spacing should be single.

The titles should be left justified, bold and written by putting in order with number. (For instance “Chart 1” or “Figure 5” …)

Tables and figures should be left justified and text scrolling feature should be turned off.


Each annex  should be in seperate pages and given after the bibliography.

Titles should be written left justified, 11 point, Cambria and bold (like “Annex 1”)


Title Formation

All title’s words’ initial should be capitalized. (words like and, with, also should be written in small letters all the time )

Table’s and figure’s titles should be arranged according to these rules.

Basic Titles

The title of the study and basic headings (Methods, Results, Discussion) should be written center justified and bold.

Second Level Title

It should be written left justified and bold. It should be seperated with one-line gap from the previous paragraph.

Third Level Title

It should be written left justified, bold and italicized . It should be seperated with one-line gap from the previous paragraph.

Fourth Level Title

It should be written left justified, bold and italicized . There should be colon at the end of it and the paragraph should continue from the title’s alignment. It should be seperated with one-line gap from the previous paragraph.

Fifth Level Title

It should be written left justified and italicized. There should be colon at the end of it and the paragraph should continue from the title’s alignment. It should be seperated with one-line gap from the previous paragraph.

It isn’t recommended that you create more titles than five levels.

Tables and Figures’ Titles

Tables and Figures’ statements ( like Table 1, in Figure 1) should be bold.

The titles of tables and figures should be italic.


Reference Display Inside of the Text

You should use “and” instead of & symbol between authors in citations.

For Instance;

Arpacı and Kuyu’s (2000) study… (Do not use the apostrophe in parenthetical statement)

(Arpacı and Kuyu, 2010, p. 72)

(Arpacı, Kuyu and Huysuz, 2000, p. 12-13)

Look at table of Basic Citation Format for details.

Ordering Citations

Citations in parenthesis should be in alphabetical order

For Instance;

(Arpacı, 2013; Arpacı and Kuyu, 2010, p. 15; Karman, 2000; Zengin, Warrant, Güner, Aykut and Karpat, 2013)

Resources Transferred

A transfer made from a reference that is in another reference should be indicated as follows:

For Instance;

(Torgerson, 1958, from pp.1-8 Baykul, 2000; Zengin, from 1957, Pınar, 1999)

Basic Citation Format

Reference Type The first reference in the text Following references in the text The first reference in the parenthesis Following references in the parenthesis
Single Author Walker (2007) Walker (2007) (Walker, 2007) (Walker, 2007)
Two Authors Walker and Allen (2004) Walker and Allen (2004) (Walker and Allen, 2004) (Walker and Allen, 2004)
Three Authors Bradley, Ramirez and Soo (1999) Bradley
et al. (1999)
(Bradley, Ramirez
and Soo, 1999)
(Bradley et al., 1999)
Four Authors Bradley, Ramirez, Soo and Walsh (2006) Bradley et al. (2006) (Bradley, Ramirez, Soo and Walsh, 2006) (Bradley et al., 2006)
Five Authors Walker, Allen, Bradley, Ramirez, Walker and Soo (2008) Walker et al., (2008) (Walker, Allen, Bradley, Ramirez, Walker
and Soo, 2008)
(Walker et al., 2008)
Six and more Authors Wasserstein et al. (2005) Wasserstein et al., (2005) (Wasserstein
et al., 2005)
(Wasserstein et al., 2005)
associations, government agencies etc.(commonly used abbreviation) Ministry of Education (MOE, 2003) MOE (2003) (Ministry of Education[MOE], 2003) (MOE, 2003)



Bold shouldn’t be used in the text except for basic variables in titles, tables and figures. The points that required to be highlighted should be italicized or you should use opening and closing quotation marks [“”] .

Direct Quotes

Direct quotes should be written 11 point,italics, left and right indented as regards normal text.

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